By the present moment biomass is the most widely used source of renewable energy because of the economic and ecological potential of the technologies for utilizing biomass.
In Denmark, the town of Holstebro uses a device with capacity of 28-30MW. Bio energy is obtained from:
· Domestic waste products about 150 000 tones per a year - 56%
· Straw about 50 000 tones per a year -27%
· Wood waste products (60000 m3 per a year) - 6%
· Biogas -11%
· Total 260 000 tones -100%
For comparison, every day in Sofia about 870 tones of waste products are transported and dumped (300 000 tones per a year). This could produce 31,5MW.
The incorporation of technologies for utilization of biomass in an COMPANY results in:
- Reducing the expense of storing and disposing of waste products for the main activity.
Through the utilization of waste products, expenditures for their storage and disposal are drastically reduced.
- Reducing the expense of electric energy and fossil fuel.
Even if a part of the energy demand of COMPANY is satisfied, there will be resource savings and the enterprise will not be vulnerable to the inflation of the international price of electric energy and fossil fuel.
- Raising the economic sustainability of the company
The ability to forecast the expenditures for future periods will provide a better access to long term credits with lower rated security.
- Raising the competitiveness of the company.
By undertaking the recommendations from the Kioto report, EU and the different countries, members have developed policies and strategies for stimulating the use of RES. They envisage tax preferences and direct funding incentives for COMPANY that have introduced RES technologies.
- Production of organic fertilizer
RES technologies incorporated into organic farming will help in the process of anaerobic decomposition and the production of organic nitrogen fertilizer
- Generating energy from local resources reduces vulnerability from fluctuations in the price of the imported energy.