The process for introduction of biomass

Agricultural and wood biomass

The main actions you should undertake to introduce biomass into the company are:
1. Estimate and assess the operation costs of the indispensable amount of heat energy from conventional sources.
2. If biomass is not a production waste product what is the opportunity for it to be purchased and what will be its price and from where will it be sourced?
3. Contact equipment suppliers for costs and quotes.
4. Ensure that the RES equipment is correct for its use with the source of biomass.
5. Analyze offers and select a supplier on the basis of cost, quality and availability of equipment
6. Prepare a financial evaluation of the project - capital costs, operation costs, expected incomes, and estimated profit return.
7. Consider the financial situation and sources of funding - evaluation of own capital, 'soft' loans and sources for raising credit and funding or grants from national or European programs or initiatives. (See chapter 6).
8. Prepare an application for planning permission.
9. Select and sign a contract with a company, specialized in the installation and maintenance of the equipment (if the supplier does not do that ).
10. Order the selected equipment.
11. Organize training for the operational staff.
12. Organize the delivery of biomass and additional materials.
13. Installation by a specialized company.
14. Confirm health and safety requirements related to the installation.
15. Receiving of the equipment by the installation and maintenance company.
16. Start operating..

 

Biomass from livestock by products

The main technology for utilizing biomass from livestock by products is using bioreactors for biogas production. The main steps, you should undertake to adopt this process are:
1. Estimate and assess the operation costs of the indispensable amount of heat energy from conventional sources.
2. Assess the potential of the available biomass from livestock by products for biogas production. (See table 1.)
3. Contact equipment suppliers for estimates of costs.
4. Assess the capacity of the bioreactor according to the availability of biomass from livestock by products.
5. Analyze offers and select a supplier on the basis of cost, quality and availability of equipment.
6. Prepare a financial evaluation of the project - capital costs, operation costs, expected incomes, and estimated profit return .
7. Consider the financial situation and sources of funding - evaluation of own capital, 'soft' loans and sources for raising credit and funding or grants from national or European programs or initiatives. .
8. Prepare an application for planning permission.
9. Select and sign a contract with a company, specialized in the installation and maintenance of the equipment (if the supplier does not do that ).
10. Order the selected equipment.
11. Organize training for the operational staff.
12. Organize the delivery of biomass from livestock by products and additional materials.
13. Installation by a specialized company.
14. Confirm health and safety requirements related to the installation.
15. Receiving of the equipment by the installation and maintenance company.
16. Start operating

 

Livestock species
Average weight of Livestock in kilos
Biogas production of an animal in cubic meters per a day
Cattle
350-400
0.45 1.0
Swines
80 100
0.116 0.2
sheep
30 40
0.06 0.07
birds
1.5 2
0.0035 0.004
(at an average weight of a swine 100 kilos ,its obtain per a day of its natural manure is 0,2m3 biogas)

 

An example:
From a poultry farm with 8000 hens, the daily amount of manure would be 960m3 per day, or 40 m3 per hour. That is relevant to producing 1920 kilowatts of energy. The same farm consumes about 900 kilowatts of energy per day. Therefore half of the electric energy that the farm produces is required for its own needs and the rest can be sold to the national grid.

 

 

 

 

N.B!!!
Health and safety is of paramount importance, so please ensure that you conduct regular inspections, including Risk Assessment and comply with the technical requirements of the company and the manufacturer of the equipment.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

N.B!!!
Biogas is highly volatile and corrosive. Please ensure that you conduct regular inspections, including Risk Assessment and comply with the technical requirements of the company and the manufacturer of the equipment.